Liberation Theology

Christopher Rowland

in The Oxford Handbook of Systematic Theology

Published in print September 2007 | ISBN: 9780199245765
Published online September 2009 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Religion and Theology

 Liberation Theology

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Liberation theology is a form of contextual theology, in which the experience and circumstances of the interpreters are given a prime importance as the first step in seeking to be a disciple of Jesus. It is aptly summarized in the popular education material familiar in Latin American churches, where priority is given to the ‘text of life’ as the key to the approach to the biblical text. This article discusses liberation theology and contextual theology; the historical context of the theology of liberation, looking at the Second Vatican Council, the Vatican reaction after 1989, the collapse of communism, and the future of liberation theology; epistemology and the method of liberation theology; the Bible as the written text and the text of life; liberation theology and ideological criticism; and liberation's contribution to systematic theology.

Keywords: liberation theology; systematic theology; Latin America; contextual theology; Second Vatican Council; ideological criticism

Article.  8704 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Philosophy of Religion

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