Marlia Mundell Mango

in The Oxford Handbook of Byzantine Studies

Published in print October 2008 | ISBN: 9780199252466
Published online November 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Classics and Ancient History


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Written and archaeological evidence attests to the presence of mining in Byzantium. Gold was mined in the fifth to sixth centuries, while silver was mined in the Taurus mountains and Black Sea area in Asia Minor in the sixth to seventh centuries. An early Byzantine copper-smelting area has been found in the Lagoudhera Valley in the Troodos Mountains of Cyprus. Meanwhile, the mountains of Lebanon were a source of iron for production centres situated at Damascus and Bostra. Other metals mined during the Byzantine Era were tin and silver. This article looks at metalwork in the Byzantine Empire, focusing on production centres and uses of metals.

Keywords: metals; mining; metalwork; production centres; Byzantium; Byzantine Empire; copper smelting; gold; silver; iron

Article.  3899 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Middle Eastern Languages

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