The Two Churches

Clarence Gallagher

in The Oxford Handbook of Byzantine Studies

Published in print October 2008 | ISBN: 9780199252466
Published online November 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Classics and Ancient History

 The Two Churches

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This article outlines the relations between the Church in Rome and the Church of the Byzantine Empire from the Council of Nicaea in 325 to the fall of Constantinople in 1453. Rome and Constantinople were in full communion with each other throughout the first millennium, and they considered themselves as one Church sharing the same faith in Jesus Christ. From the fifth century on, however, geographical, political, and cultural factors began to strain the relationship between the two Churches. This relationship was influenced by many factors that had little directly to do with theology, including the fall of Rome and the West to the barbarians in the fifth century and the Islamic conquests in the Eastern empire in the seventh century. The separation of the Churches became final after Constantinople fell to the Fourth Crusaders in 1204. One of the events that led up to the final rupture between East and West was the "Akakian Schism" (484-519).

Keywords: Rome; Constantinople; Akakian Schism; Church; Council of Nicaea; Byzantine Empire

Article.  3290 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Middle Eastern Languages

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