Article

The Neanderthals

Paul Pettitt

in The Oxford Handbook of Archaeology

Published in print March 2009 | ISBN: 9780199271016
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199271016.013.0013

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology

 The Neanderthals

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This article examines the Neanderthals from an archaeological perspective. It explains that the Neanderthals literally exploded into a world of scientific controversy in 1856 because of the Pleistocene fauna from the caves of the Neander Valley collected by a local school teacher Johann Fuhlrott. It discusses the three hypotheses have been advanced in order to explain the evolutionary position of the Neanderthals. These include the Neanderthal phase of man hypothesis, the presapient hypothesis, and the pre-Neanderthal hypothesis. It also describes the behaviour, resources and subsistence, speech and language, and symbols and art of the Neanderthals.

Keywords: Neanderthals; Pleistocene fauna; Neander Valley; Johann Fuhlrott; presapient hypothesis; pre-Neanderthal hypothesis; behaviour; speech; language; symbols

Article.  16908 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Historical Archaeology

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