Article

The Central Andean Region in Prehistory

Terence N. D'Altroy

in The Oxford Handbook of Archaeology

Published in print March 2009 | ISBN: 9780199271016
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199271016.013.0022

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology

 The Central Andean Region in Prehistory

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This article examines the prehistory of the Andean region based on archaeological evidence. It explains that the Andean region is one of the six places in the world where state society arose independently. The region's diverse small-scale societies domesticated virtually all of their animals, their food, and their industrial crops, and they began to settle in permanent villages between about 8,000 and 3 ,000 bc. By the second millennium, the people of the Andean region were living in urban settlements and building massive ceremonial complexes on the Peruvian coast, and relied heavily on agriculture.

Keywords: Andean region; prehistory; small-scale societies; animal domestication; industrial crops; urban settlements; ceremonial complexes; Peruvian coast; agriculture

Article.  11351 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Prehistoric Archaeology

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