The Circumpolar Zone

Bryan C. Hood

in The Oxford Handbook of Archaeology

Published in print March 2009 | ISBN: 9780199271016
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology

 The Circumpolar Zone

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Classical Studies
  • Environmental Archaeology


Show Summary Details


This article presents a panorama of cultural variation in the archaeology of the circumpolar zone and touches on central processes of socio-economic change related to both ecological contexts and regional interaction. It provides a historical retrospective of changing perspectives in circumpolar archaeology and examines a series of geographical regions including northern Fennoscandinavia, Siberia, and the Bering Strait. It explains that culturally, the circumpolar zone has supported a variety of societies ranging from small, mobile, egalitarian Inuit seal-hunting bands, to reindeer hunters and herders, to semi-sedentary whale-hunting societies with large villages and social hierarchies. The circumpolar zone displays more cultural diversity and dynamism than the nasty, brutish, and frigid stereotype would lead one to believe.

Keywords: circumpolar zone; cultural variation; socio-economic change; regional interaction; archaeology; cultural diversity; cultural dynamism; Fennoscandinavia; Siberia; Bering Strait

Article.  11386 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Environmental Archaeology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.