Lesley Head, Harry Allen, Tim Denham and Richard Fullagar

in The Oxford Handbook of Archaeology

Published in print March 2009 | ISBN: 9780199271016
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology


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  • Classical Studies
  • Archaeology by Region



This article examines the archaeology of Australasia. It explains that Australasia comprises Australia, New Guinea, and New Zealand and it conflates geographical, colonial, and national boundaries and delineations in ways that on the face of things have little to do with prehistoric lifeways. This article discusses the nature of environmental change relevant to occupation, the dating of initial colonisation, and the human impacts associated with colonization. It also compares colonization and the impacts of debate in Sahul and New Zealand and discusses the archaeological cultural sequence in New Zealand.

Keywords: archaeology; Australasia; Australia; New Guinea; New Zealand; environmental change; colonisation; Sahul; cultural sequence

Article.  13657 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Archaeology by Region

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