Sex and Gender

Roberta Gilchrist

in The Oxford Handbook of Archaeology

Published in print March 2009 | ISBN: 9780199271016
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology

 Sex and Gender

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  • Classical Studies
  • History and Theory of Archaeology


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This article examines the relevance of sex and gender to archaeology. It explains that the themes of sex and gender have emerged as central concerns to archaeology internationally over the past twenty years and that the interrogation of gendered concepts and terminology began with the feminist critique of archaeology in the 1980s, and has continued in the more pluralistic archaeologies of gender that have characterized the past decade. It outlines the background to the emergence of gender archaeology through the auspices of feminism and analyses definitions of sex and gender that have rejected binary models in favour of a scale or continuum of sexual difference.

Keywords: archaeology; sex; gender; feminist critique; pluralistic archaeologies; gender archaeology; feminism; sexual difference

Article.  7751 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; History and Theory of Archaeology

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