The Biblical Canon

Michael W. Holmes

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Studies

Published in print September 2008 | ISBN: 9780199271566
Published online September 2009 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Religion and Theology

The Biblical Canon


Christianity has, for much of its history, worked with a closed canon of scripture, ‘canon’ in the sense of a clearly defined and authoritative list of writings considered to be scripture. In such circumstances, every document that is viewed as ‘scripture’ is at the same time also considered to be ‘canonical’. After defining key terms, this article discusses Jewish Scriptures in early Christianity such as the canon of the Septuagint, and the formation of a Second Testament in early Christianity. A significant portion of the Christian scriptures was taken over from the Jewish milieu out of which the Christian movement emerged.

Keywords: Christianity; scripture; canon; Jewish Scriptures; Second Testament; Septuagint

Article.  9768 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Christianity ; Religious Studies

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