Women and Gender

Ross Shepard Kraemer

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Studies

Published in print September 2008 | ISBN: 9780199271566
Published online September 2009 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Religion and Theology

Women and Gender


Emerging scholarship in the late 1970s was beginning to inquire about the reliability of ancient male depictions of women, and about how male interests might shape their representations of female experience. The section on the history of scholarship would thus have been relatively brief, particularly if the emphasis was on scholarship of the last several decades. This article deals with several overlapping issues, including prosopographic work (the identification of particular actual ancient Christian women); the reconstruction of the activities and beliefs of Christian women; an analysis of those activities and beliefs from the perspective of the study of religions more broadly and theoretically; and a consideration of specifically Christian constructions of gender within the broader discourses of gender in the ancient world.

Keywords: gender issues; female experience; prosopographic work; Christian women; gender constructions

Article.  12703 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Christianity ; Religious Studies

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