The Development of Public Pensions from 1889 to the 1990s

Camila Arza and Paul Johnson

in The Oxford Handbook of Pensions and Retirement Income

Published in print July 2006 | ISBN: 9780199272464
Published online September 2009 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Business and Management C

 The Development of Public Pensions from 1889 to the 1990s

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This article begins with a brief review of the pattern of public pension development over the century from 1889, and follows this with a discussion of the reasons for expansion. The suceeding section examines in some detail the variation between countries and over time in the structure and purpose of public pension systems, and this is followed by some national case studies that illustrate both the incremental nature of system development, and the importance of the political context in which this development has taken place. The article concludes with a discussion of the role of historical legacy in setting the parameters within which current discussions of public pension reform take place.

Keywords: public pensions; national case studies; system development; pension reforms; pension expansion; public pension systems

Article.  8007 words. 

Subjects: Business and Management ; Business History

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