Article

The Politics of Pension Reform: Managing Interest Group Conflicts

Bernhard Ebbinghaus

in The Oxford Handbook of Pensions and Retirement Income

Published in print July 2006 | ISBN: 9780199272464
Published online September 2009 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199272464.003.0038

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Business and Management C

 The Politics of Pension Reform: Managing Interest Group Conflicts

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This article reviews the main theoretical perspectives on the development of welfare states that more or less explicitly conceptualize the interests of particular social groups in retirement-income systems. The main capital–labour cleavage between the interests of employers and labour movements in such systems is juxtaposed. Then, several intra-class cleavages are presented. These conflicts influence and are reinforced by fragmented pension systems, in particular the difference between blue-collar and white-collar workers as well as that between the private and public sectors. Weaker labour-market groups, in particular the unemployed, and gender issues in retirement-income systems are discussed. The article also critically reviews often-voiced generational conflicts.

Keywords: pension reforms; interest groups; capital–labour cleavage; retirement income; blue-collar workers; generational conflicts

Article.  7121 words. 

Subjects: Business and Management ; Business and Government ; Business Ethics

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