Lexical Knowledge Acquisition

Yuji Matsumoto

in The Oxford Handbook of Computational Linguistics

Published in print January 2005 | ISBN: 9780199276349
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191743573 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics

 Lexical Knowledge Acquisition

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  • Computational Linguistics
  • Language Acquisition


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This article deals with the acquisition of lexical knowledge, instrumental in complementing the ambiguous process of NLP (natural language processing). Imprecise in nature, lexical representations are mostly simple and superficial. The thesaurus would be an apt example. Two primary tools for acquiring lexical knowledge are ‘corpora’ and ‘machine-readable dictionary’ (MRD). The former are mostly domain specific, monolingual, while the definitions in MRD are generally described by a ‘genus term’ followed by a set of differentiae. Auxiliary technical nuances of the acquisition process, find mention as well, such as ‘lexical collocation’ and ‘association’, referring to the deliberate co-occurrence of words that form a new meaning altogether and loses it whenever a synonym replaces either of the words. The first seminal work on collocation extraction from large text corpora, was compiled around the early 1990s, using inter-word mutual information to locate collocation. Abundant corpus data would be obtainable from the Linguistic Data Consortium (LDC).

Keywords: acquisition; tools; extraction; occurrence; corpora; dictionary

Article.  7575 words. 

Subjects: Computational Linguistics ; Language Acquisition

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