Article

Word Order Typology

Jae Jung Song

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology

Published in print November 2010 | ISBN: 9780199281251
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199281251.013.0014

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics

 Word Order Typology

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This article explains how basic word order is determined in linguistic typology. The concept of basic word order is irrelevant to flexible-word-order languages. Hawkins highlights the importance and role of exceptionless universals in constructing a theory of basic word order. He sets out to demonstrate that statistical universals can be converted into exceptionless ones. Dryer's work on basic word order is best characterized as a return to the OV-VO. Hawkins again pursues a processing-based explanation of word-order correlations and distributional universals, but to the extent that they can all be accounted for by a single principle or what he refers to as the Principle of Early Immediate Constituents. The recent developments in processing-based word-order typology are discussed. There is the need to test processing-based predictions against corpus and experimental data from more diverse languages than has been hitherto possible.

Keywords: word-order typology; linguistic typology; exceptionless universals; Hawkins; Dryer; Early Immediate Constituents; languages

Article.  11310 words. 

Subjects: Linguistics ; Linguistic Typology ; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

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