Article

Inter‐organizational Relationships, Chains, and Networks: A Supply Perspective

Thomas E. Johnsen, Richard C. Lamming and Christine M. Harland

in The Oxford Handbook of Inter-Organizational Relations

Published in print June 2008 | ISBN: 9780199282944
Published online September 2009 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199282944.003.0003

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Business and Management C

 Inter‐organizational Relationships, Chains, and Networks: A Supply Perspective

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This article discusses inter-organizational relationships (IORs) in the wider context of chains and networks of organizations. It distinguishes between IORs, chains, and networks and subsets of those, perceived through different disciplinary lenses. Different lenses lead researchers to operate at different units of analysis within relationships, chains, and networks. For example, a sociological focus gives rise to researchers observing social connections. An economic focus leads to observations of economic exchanges between organizations conceptualized as economic entities. A strategic management focus leads the researcher to observe strategic configurations and positions. These different units of analysis represent different types of relationship, chain, and network and require different methodologies, methods, and techniques to research them. In particular, this article uses an operations and supply lens to observe supply relationships, chains, and networks.

Keywords: inter-organizational relationships; networks; organizations; social connections; economic entities

Article.  11240 words. 

Subjects: Business and Management ; Organizational Theory and Behaviour ; Operations Management

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