Article

Gender and Sexual Discrimination

Rosemarie Tong

in The Oxford Handbook of Practical Ethics

Published in print September 2005 | ISBN: 9780199284238
Published online September 2009 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199284238.003.0010

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Philosophy

 Gender and Sexual Discrimination

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Sex discrimination is the disadvantaging of a member or members of one sex over a member or members of the other because of their sex. Although either men or women may be the victims of sex discrimination, throughout history and in most societies, women have been the victims. Discrimination against women is usually predicated on the claim that men and women are biologically different, and that these differences justify the lesser status of women. Regarding the sex/gender distinction as a significant advance over the view that one's gender is determined by one's sex, feminists encouraged women and men to become well-integrated androgynous persons; to mix and match within themselves a variety of feminine and masculine personality traits and behaviours, thereby demonstrating that anatomy does not constitute destiny.

Keywords: sex discrimination; sex/gender distinction; feminine personality; masculine personality; personality traits; human behaviour

Article.  11816 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy ; Moral Philosophy

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