Multilevel Models

Bradford S. Jones

in The Oxford Handbook of Political Methodology

Published in print August 2008 | ISBN: 9780199286546
Published online September 2009 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks of Political Science

Multilevel Models

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  • Political Methodology
  • Comparative Politics



This article addresses multilevel models in which units are nested within one another. The focus is primarily two-level models. It also describes cross-unit heterogeneity. Moreover, it assesses the fixed and random effects from the multilevel model. It generally tries to convey the scope of multilevel models but in a very compact way. Multilevel models provide great promise for exploiting information in hierarchical data structures. There are a range of alternatives for such data and it bears repeating that sometimes, simpler-to-apply correctives are best.

Keywords: multilevel models; two-level models; cross-unit heterogeneity; hierarchical data structures; fixed effects; random effects

Article.  7750 words. 

Subjects: Politics ; Political Methodology ; Comparative Politics

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