Yuri Balashov

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Time

Published in print April 2011 | ISBN: 9780199298204
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191728372 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Philosophy


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Regardless of whether the future or past are real, there is also the question of what objects are. What is it for an object to persist in time? At one time, one is short and at another time tall. Is something a four-dimensional object with different temporal parts? Or is there a wholly present three-dimensional entity that changes properties? This chapter gives a survey of this problem, updating three positions on it to the relativistic context, and providing the reader with a solid base from which to evaluate the positions. It notes that people recognize the problem of persistence as being primarily about parthood and location, and also sketches views known as three-dimensionalism (3Dism) or endurantism, and four-dimensionalism (4Dism) or perdurantism.

Keywords: persistence; 4Dism; parthood; perdurantism; endurantism

Article.  13784 words. 

Subjects: Metaphysics ; Philosophy of Science

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