Time in even classical mechanics has yet to be fully appreciated by philosophers. This chapter begins with time as it is presented to us in Newton's famous “Scholium.” It shows how and why Newton developed a notion that has various specific features, namely, those needed for time to play the role it does in classical dynamics, and, first, asks the question of why Newton needed his “absolute” time. The chapter then deals with refining the concept of time; temporal metric and dynamical laws; and the place of time in foundational physics.
Keywords: classical mechanics; Scholium; Newton; classical dynamics; absolute time; foundational physics
Article. 2413 words.
Subjects: Philosophy of Science ; Metaphysics
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