Harald Jørgensen and Susan Hallam

in Oxford Handbook of Music Psychology

Published in print December 2008 | ISBN: 9780199298457
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology


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This article reviews studies on the nature of practice and its importance in developing musical expertise. The musician not only needs to consider the development of technical skills but must also develop musical interpretation, may have to play or sing from memory, rehearse and perform in cooperation with other musicians, improvise, and contend with stage fright. Both the quantity and quality of practice contribute to the level of expertise attained, and the individual's ability to adopt more effective practising strategies is inextricably linked with their level of expertise. Musicians exhibit considerable diversity in the ways they practise, which can lead to equally successful outcomes.

Keywords: practice; musical expertise; musicians

Article.  5892 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Cognitive Psychology

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