Article

Organizations and the Intersection of Work and Family: A Comparative Perspective

Eileen Appelbaum, Thomas Bailey, Peter Berg and Arne Kalleberg

in The Oxford Handbook of Work and Organization

Published in print May 2006 | ISBN: 9780199299249
Published online September 2009 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199299249.003.0004

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Business and Management C

 Organizations and the Intersection of Work and Family: A Comparative Perspective

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The aim of this article is to develop a conceptual and empirical foundation for understanding the role that employers can play in facilitating the successful resolution of the conflicting demands of employees' work and family responsibilities. It focuses on company policies and practices and the national laws and institutions that shape them. Furthermore, it examines why employers adopt various policies that support employees' efforts to integrate their work and home lives. It then summarizes recent empirical studies of outcomes for firms — improved recruitment and retention, improvements in individual employee productivity, and improvements in process efficiency — as a result of implementing these policies. The final section of this article examines the relationship between public policy and mothers' employment as well as the impact of public policy on employers' implementation of voluntary family-friendly policies.

Keywords: company policies; national laws; empirical studies; public policy; family-friendly policies

Article.  8754 words. 

Subjects: Business and Management ; Organizational Theory and Behaviour ; Human Resource Management

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