Article

Eye movements and transcranial magnetic stimulation

René M. Müri and Thomas Nyffeler

in The Oxford Handbook of Eye Movements

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780199539789
Published online November 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199539789.013.0021

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Eye movements and transcranial magnetic stimulation

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  • Cognitive Psychology
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Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a technique which allows interference with cortical processing during planning, preparation, and execution of eye movements. The main application of TMS in eye movement research is to study the chronometry and the functional role of a given cortical oculomotor region. TMS is not able to elicit saccades directly, but the most consistent effect of single-pulse TMS is inhibitory on oculomotor function. This chapter gives an overview of published studies that tried to facilitate saccade triggering by TMS or to influence inhibition of saccades in the antisaccade task. Furthermore, studies that used TMS for spatial mapping of cortical oculomotor regions, spatial memory, and memory-guided saccades are presented. Finally, studies using TMS and double-step saccades and vergence are discussed.

Keywords: transcranial magnetic stimulation; cortical processing; saccade triggering; double-step saccades; ocular motor control

Article.  7852 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Cognitive Psychology ; Cognitive Neuroscience

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