Eye movements and visual expertise in chess and medicine

Eyal M. Reingold and Heather Sheridan

in The Oxford Handbook of Eye Movements

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780199539789
Published online November 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Eye movements and visual expertise in chess and medicine

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  • Psychology
  • Cognitive Psychology
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The chapter highlights the theoretical and applied contributions of eye movement research to the study of human expertise. Using examples drawn from the domains of chess and medicine, the chapter demonstrates that eye movements are particularly well-suited for studying two hallmarks of expert performance: the superior perceptual encoding of domain related patterns, and experts’ tacit (or implicit) domain related knowledge. Specifically, eye movement findings indicate that expertise is associated with a greater ability to process domain related visual information in terms of larger patterns of features rather than isolated features. Furthermore, in support of the role of tacit knowledge in expertise, there is evidence that the eye movements of experts may contain information that is not consciously accessible.

Keywords: eye movement; chess; medicine; visual information; implicit knowledge

Article.  14961 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Cognitive Psychology ; Cognitive Neuroscience

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