Article

Chinese students' motivation and achievement

Kit-Tai Hau and Irene T. Ho

in Oxford Handbook of Chinese Psychology

Published in print February 2010 | ISBN: 9780199541850
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199541850.013.0014

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

Chinese students' motivation and achievement

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This article reviews recent evidences about Chinese students' outstanding academic performance and discusses the major themes and issues arising from the study of their motivational characteristics. Despite Chinese students' high academic achievement, research has shown that they actually display a generally lower sense of efficacy than their Western counterparts. As this article explains, there are at least two ways in which Chinese students differ from their Western counterparts in relation to competence beliefs. Firstly, with academic success being emphasized as a fulfilment of one's duty and achieved through effort, these success experiences may not be as significant a source of self-efficacy as in the Western context. Secondly, the importance of self-efficacy may not be as prominent in producing achievement behaviour as in the West, since there is no demonstrated relationship between their sense of efficacy and effort expenditure.

Keywords: Asian students; Confucian cultural heritage; outstanding achievement; educational problems; self-efficacy

Article.  11768 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Social Psychology

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