Article

Theologies of Divine Action

Thomas F. Tracy

in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science

Published in print April 2008 | ISBN: 9780199543656
Published online September 2009 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199543656.003.0036

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Religion and Theology

 Theologies of Divine Action

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One familiar and contentious response to the growth of scientific knowledge insists that long-established ways of thinking about God and God's relation to the world can no longer be sustained if we take seriously emerging new understandings of the world. This article presents several ways of thinking about divine action available to contemporary theologians: God to act as creator in every event as its absolute ontological ground; God to act indirectly through the order of created causes (natural law); God to act indirectly through the actions of free agents; God to act to determine some or all of what is left underdetermined in the order of created causes (special action); and God to act within the world's history to bring about effects that modify or exceed the causal powers of creatures (interventionist).

Keywords: scientific knowledge; natural law; interventionist; God's special action; divine action

Article.  7912 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Religion and Science ; Philosophy of Religion

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