Ground‐ of‐Being Theologies

Wesley J. Wildman

in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science

Published in print April 2008 | ISBN: 9780199543656
Published online September 2009 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Religion and Theology

 Ground‐ of‐Being Theologies

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This article deals with a complex family of theological viewpoints, collected under the name ‘ground-of-being’ theologies. It discusses their relationship to various forms of theism, their shared themes, and their connections with the natural sciences. Ground-of-being theologies have in common two important negations: they deny that ultimate reality is a determinate entity, and they deny that the universe is ontologically self-explanatory. The positive formulations of ground-of-being theologies vary. Ground-of-being theologies are important, because their denial that ultimate reality is a determinate entity establishes a valuable theological contrast with determinate entity theisms such as personal theism and process theism – two ideas of God prominent both in modern theology and in the contemporary science–religion dialogue.

Keywords: theological viewpoints; theism; natural science; ultimate reality; determinate entity; process theism; modern theology

Article.  10265 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Religion and Science ; Philosophy of Religion

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