Relations Between <i>Homo Sapiens</i> and Other Animals: Scientific and Religious Arguments

Nancy R. Howell

in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science

Published in print April 2008 | ISBN: 9780199543656
Published online September 2009 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Religion and Theology

 Relations Between Homo Sapiens and Other Animals: Scientific and Religious Arguments

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This article contends that science and theology in dialogue recommend a nuanced understanding of both similarity and difference in the relationship of Homo sapiens to other animals. It begins by identifying anthropomorphism, the projection of human traits onto animals, as a pivotal issue around which scientists debate human uniqueness and the relationship of humans to other animals. Similarly, the article reviews the historical anthropocentric focus of Christian theology, Finally, it concludes with concrete proposals to shift the anthropocentric focus of theology by adopting updated science to inform Christian thought and emphasizing some existing theological options.

Keywords: Homo sapiens; modern humans; anthropomorphism; anthropocentric focus; Christian theology

Article.  7861 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Religion and Science

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