Article

Corpus-Based and Corpus-driven Analyses of Language Variation and Use

Douglas Biber

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Analysis

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780199544004
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199544004.013.0008

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics

Corpus-Based and Corpus-driven Analyses of Language Variation and Use

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  • Linguistics
  • Sociolinguistics
  • Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

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Corpus linguistics is a research approach that has developed over the past few decades to support empirical investigations of language variation and use, resulting in research findings which have much greater generalizability and validity than would otherwise be feasible. Corpus studies have used two major research approaches: ‘corpus-based’ and ‘corpus-driven’. Corpus-based research assumes the validity of linguistic forms and structures derived from linguistic theory. The primary goal of research is to analyse the systematic patterns of variation and use for those pre-defined linguistic features. Corpus-driven research is more inductive, so that the linguistic constructs themselves emerge from analysis of a corpus. This chapter illustrates the kinds of analyses and perspectives on language use possible from both corpus-based and corpus-driven approaches.

Keywords: corpus linguistics; language variation; language use; linguistic theory

Article.  10667 words. 

Subjects: Linguistics ; Sociolinguistics ; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

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