Article

Default Semantics

Kasia M. Jaszczolt

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Analysis

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780199544004
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199544004.013.0009

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics

 Default Semantics

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The objective of Default Semantics is to model utterance meaning as intended by the Model Speaker and recovered by the Model Addressee. The constructs of model interlocutors are adopted in recognition of the view shared by Grice and the neo-Griceans that a theory of meaning should focus on general mechanisms which underlie the composition of meaning in conversation, including those mechanisms that make use of conventions, heuristics pertaining to rational human behaviour, which explain the shortcuts that addressees take through laborious inferential process of meaning recovery. This chapter discusses the following: primary meaning without the syntactic consent, merger representation and its contributing sources, compositionality of primary meanings, incremental processing, and default vs. inferential components of merger representation.

Keywords: utterance meaning; Grice; syntactic consent; merger representation; compositionality

Article.  11482 words. 

Subjects: Linguistics ; Semantics

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