Book

The Oxford Handbook of English Literature and Theology

Edited by Andrew Hass, David Jasper and Elisabeth Jay

Volume 1, issue Published in print March 2009 | ISBN: 9780199544486
Published online September 2009 |

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Religion and Theology

The Oxford Handbook of English Literature and Theology

Preview

The Oxford Handbook of English Literature and Theology is a defining volume of essays in which leading international scholars apply an interdisciplinary approach to the long and evolving relationship between English Literature and Theology. The volume first offers a chronological account of key moments in the formation of the tradition; goes on to demonstrate literary ways of reading the Bible, theological ways of reading literature, and literary conceptions of theological texts; and finally, explores the great themes that have preoccupied the Jewish and Christian traditions. Framing editorial articles describe the history, the cultural implications, and the methodological issues of this now-popular interdisciplinary study, before speculating as to its possible futures in a postmodern, multicultural world.

Keywords: relationship; key moments; reading the Bible; theological texts; Jewish traditions; Christian traditions; history; culture; postmodern world; multicultural world

Book.  908 pages. 

Subjects: religion

Index Terms: Old Testament; Genesis; Exodus; Leviticus; Numbers; Deuteronomy; Joshua; Judges; 1 Samuel; 2 Samuel; 2 Kings; Job; Psalms; Proverbs; Ecclesiastes; Song of Songs; Isaiah; Jeremiah; Lamentations; Ezekiel; Daniel; Hosea; Joel; Amos; Jonah; Micah; Nahum; Habakkuk; Zephaniah; Malachi; Apocrypha; 2 Esdras; Sirach; New Testament; Matthew; Mark; Luke; John; Acts; Romans; 1 Corinthians; 2 Corinthians; Galatians; Ephesians; Philippians; 1 Thessalonians; 1 Timothy; 2 Timothy; Hebrews; James; 1 Peter; 2 Peter; 1 John; Jude; Revelation; Apocalyptic literature; 1 Enoch; à Kempis, Thomas; Abelard, Peter; Abrams, Meyer H.; accommodation theory; Achebe, Chinua; Adorno, Theodor; Ælfric; aesthetics; after theory; afterlife; Agamben, Giorgio; agnosticism; Ainsworth, Henry; Albright, W. F.; Aldhelm of Malmesbury; Alembert, Jean le Rond d'; Alfred the Great; allegory; Allen, Walter; Allen, William; alliteration; Alter, Robert; Alter, Robert and Kermode, Frank; Alternative Service Book; Altizer, Thomas J. J.; Amalarius of Metz; ambiguity; Ambrose of Milan; American Revolution; Amis, Martin, Time's Arrow; ancient vs.modern debate; Ancrene Wisse; Andersen, Jennifer L. and Sauer, Elizabeth; Anderson, Pamela Sue; Andrewes, Lancelot; Anglicanism; Anglo-Saxon Chronicle; Anglo-Saxon Gospels; Anselm of Canterbury; Apocalypse of Paul; Apocalypse of Peter; apocalyptic literature; apocalypticism, and modernism; apRoberts, Ruth; Aquinas, St Thomas; Arcand, Denys, Jesus of Montreal; Arditti, Michael, Easter; argument from design; Arianism; Ariès, Philippe; Aristotle; Arnold, Matthew; Arnold, Thomas; Articles of Religion; Arundel, Thomas, Constitutions of 1409; Asad, Talal; Ashbery, John; Ashton, John; Ashton, Rosemary; assent, religious; Astell, Mary; atheism; atonement; Attridge, Derek; Atwood, Margaret; Auden, W. H.; Auden, W. H. and Kronenberger, Louis; Auerbach, Erich; Augustine of Canterbury; Augustine of Hippo, St; Augustinians; Austin, J. L.; author, implied; Authorized Version; autobiographical criticism; autobiography, spiritual; autonomy, and Enlightenment; avant-garde; Backscheider, Paula; Bacon, Francis; Badham, Paul; Bagehot, Walter; Baillie, John; Bal, Mieke; Baldwin, William; Bale, John; Ballard, J. G.; Balsamo, Gian; Balthasar, Hans Urs von; Bancroft, Richard; Banville, John, Shroud; Bar-Efrat, Shimon; Barfield, Owen; Barnes, Julian, A History of the World in Ten and a Half Chapters; Barnes, Robert; Barratt, David, Pooley, Roger and Ryken, Leland; Barrett, Michèle; Barth, J. Robert; Barth, Karl; Barthelme, Donald; Barthes, Roland; Barton, John and Halliburton, John; Battenhouse, Roy; Battestin, Martin C.; Baxter, Richard; Bayly, Lewis; Beard, Thomas; beauty, and the sublime; Bechler,; Beckett, Samuel; Bede, Venerable; Behn, Aphra; Behrendt, Stephen; Bell, Bernard Iddings; Belloc, Hilaire; Bentham, Jeremy; Bentley, G. E.; Bentley, Richard; Beowulf; Bergson, Henri; Berkeley, George; Berlin, Adele; Bernard of Clairvaux, St.; Bernstein, Charles; Berrigan, Ted; Bhabha, Homi; Bible; The Bible Code; Bible and Culture Collective; The Bible as Literature (Henn); Bible as literature; Bible and literature, academic study; biblical criticism; Bishops' Bible; Blair, Hugh; Blake, William; Blamires, Harry; Blanchot, Maurice; Blickling Homilies; Bloom, Harold; Boccaccio, Giovanni; body; Boehme, Jacob; Boling, Robert G.; Bolingbroke, Henry St John, Viscount; Bonhoeffer, Dietrich; Book of Common Prayer; Book of Homilies; Booth, Wayne; Boswell, James; Boulger, James D.; Bouquet, A. C.; Bowie, Andrew; Boyle, Robert (critic); Boyle, Robert (scientist); Bradbury, Malcolm; Bradbury, Ray, Fahrenheit 451; Bradley, F. H.; Brantley, Richard E.; Bridget of Sweden; Bridgewater Treatises; Bristow, Richard; Brontë, Charlotte; Brontë, Emily, Wuthering Heights; Brook, Stella; Brooke, Stopford A.; Brooks, Cleanth; Brooks, Peter; Brown, Dan, The Da Vinci Code; Brown, Meg Lota; Brown, Raymond Edward; Brown, William P.; Browne, Sir Thomas; Browning, Robert; Brueggeman, Walter; Brummitt, Mark; Brunner, Emil; Bucer, Martin; Buckley, Vincent; Budgen, Frank; Budick, Sanford and Iser, Wolfgang; Bultmann, Rudolf; Bunyan, John; Burgess, Anthony, A Clockwork Orange; Burgess, Thomas; Burke, Edmund; Burnet, Thomas; Burns, Robert; Burton, Robert, The Anatomy of Melancholy; Butler, Joseph; Butler, William; Butt, George; Byatt, A. S.; Byron, George Gordon,; CÆdmon, Hymn; Calvin, John; Calvinism; Cambridge Platonism; Campbell, R. J.; Canney, M. A.; Carafa, Giovanni Pietro (later Paul IV); Carlyle, Jane; Carlyle, Thomas; Carmi, T.; Carr, S. L.; Carroll, Robert P.; Carus, Paul; Cary, Norman; Cassian, John; Cassiodorus; catchwords, in prophetic literature; Catherine of Siena; Cavendish, Margaret; Cavill, Paul; Caxton, William; Celan, Paul; censorship; Certeau, Michel de; Challoner, Richard; characterization; Chard, Leslie F.; Charles I; Chaucer, Geoffrey; Chauvet, Louis-Marie; Cheke, John; Chenu, M.-D.; Chesterton, G. K.; children, and evil; Chillingworth, William; Chrétien de Troyes; Christianity; Christology; church; church attendance, decline; Church of England; Cixous, Hélène; Clare, John; Clarke, Samuel; Claudel, Paul; Clements, R. E.; clergy; Clifford, Richard; The Cloud of Unknowing; Clough, Arthur Hugh; Cochrane, C. N.; Cockburn, Catherine; Cohen, Leonard; Colenso, John William; Coleridge, John Taylor; Coleridge, S. T.; Collects (Book of Common Prayer); Collingwood, R. G.; Collins, Anthony; Collinson, Patrick; Colonna, Vittoria; Comber, Thomas; commitment, and literature; Comte, Auguste; Conder, Josiah; Congar, Yves; connotation; Conrad, Joseph, Heart of Darkness; Contarini, Gasparo; Conway, Anne, Viscountess; Cosin, John; cosmology; Coulson, John; Coverdale, Miles; Cowley, Abraham; Cowper, William; Crabbe, George, ‘The Parish Register’; Crace, Jim, Quarantine; Cranmer, Thomas; Crashaw, Richard; critical theory; criticism, German; Cromwell, Thomas; Crowley, Robert; Culler, Jonathan; Culpepper, R. Alan; cultural studies; cultural theory; culturality; culture; Cuming, Geoffrey; Cunningham, Valentine; Cupitt, Don; Cursor Mundi; cursus; Cuthbert, St, and Bede; Cynewulf; Dalziel, Pamela; Damrosch, David; Damrosch, Leopold Jr.; Daniel (book); Daniell, David; Danielou, Jean; Dante Alighieri; Darby, John Nelson; Darwin, Charles, The Origin of Species; Davie, Donald; Davie, Grace; Davies, J. G.; Davies, Oliver; Davies, R. T.; Davies, Stevie; Davis, J. C.; Davis, Philip; Day-Lewis, C.; Dearmer, Percy; death; ‘death of God’; deconstruction; Deen, Leonard W.; Defoe, Daniel; Deguy, Michel; deism; De la Mare, Walter; demythologization; denotation, in Synoptic Gospels; Derrida, Jacques; Des Forêts, Louis-René; Detweiler, Robert; Deutero-Isaiah; Deuteronomic history, and Judges; Dibdin, F. T.; Dickens, A. G.; Dickens, Charles; Dickinson, Emily; Dillistone, F. W.; Dionysius the Areopagite; dissent; Dix, Dom Gregory; Dobbins, A. C.; Doctrine Commission, Believing in the Church; Dodd, C. H.; Doddridge, Philip; Donne, John; Doolittle, Hilda; Doomsday; drama; The Dream of the Rood; Dryden, John; Duffy, Eamon; Dunbar, William; Duncan, Joseph; Dunn, Mark, Ella Minnow Pea; Durrell, Lawrence; Eagleton, Terry; Ecclesiastes (book); Eco, Umberto; Edgeworth, Maria; Edmund of Canterbury, Mirror of Holy Church; education; Education Act 1944; Edward VI; Edwards, Michael; Eleazar, Ed.; Eliot, George; Eliot, T. S.; Elizabeth I; Ellmann, Maud; Ellwood, Thomas; embodiment; emotion; empiricism; Empson, William; Encyclopédie; endings, literary; England; English; English Literature, as contested term; Enlightenment; 1 Enoch; enthusiasm, religious; Erasmus, Desiderius; eschatology; 2 Esdras; esotericism, and modernism; Essays and Reviews; Essick, Robert N. and Viscomi, Joseph; Etchells, Ruth; eternity; ethical criticism; evangelicalism; Evans, Mary Ann; evil; evolutionary theory; Ewald, George W.; exempla; existentialism, and poetry; Exodus; experience, religious; Exum, J. Cheryl; 4 Ezra; Fairchild, H. N.; Farrar, F. W.; Farrer, Austin; feeling, and Romanticism; Feltoe, C. L.; feminism; feminist criticism; Fenton, James, Out of Danger; Ferrar, Nicholas; Ferretter, Luke; Feuerbach, Ludwig; Fichte, Johann Gottlieb; Fiddes, Paul A.; fideism; Fielding, Henry; Fielding, Sarah; Filipczak, Dorota; Fiorenza, Elizabeth Schussler; First World War; Fisch, Harold; Fish, Simon; Fish, Stanley; Fisher, Roy; flood story; form and content; form criticism; Forrest, James F. and Sharrock, Roger; Forster, E. M., A Passage to India; Forsyth, Neil; Fortna, R. T.; Fortunatus, Venantius; Foucault, Michel; Fox, Everett; Foxe, John; fragmentation, and modern literature; France; Franke, William; Frazer, James G.; Fredriksen, Paula; Freer, Coburn; Frei, Hans; French Revolution; Frere, Walter Howard; Freud, Sigmund; Friedman, Susan Stanford; Frith, John; Frost, David L., Emerton, J. A. and MacIntosh, A. A.; Frost, David L.; Froude, James Anthony, The Nemesis of Faith; Frye, Northrop; Fulford, Tim; Fulke, William; Fuller, Thomas; fundamentalism, religious; Furlong, Monica; Gallican rite; Gallicanism; Galloway, Kathy, Talking to the Bones; Gamble, Sarah; Gardiner, Stephen; Gardner, Helen; Garnett, Jane; Garrod, H. W.; Gaskell, Elizabeth; The Gast of Gy; Gawaine and the Green Knight; Geikie, Cunningham; Gelineau Psalms; gender theory; Genesis A; Genesis B; Geneva, and Reformation; Geneva Bible; genre; genre criticism; ghosts; Gibbon, Edward; Gibson, Mel; Gilbert, Sandra; Gill, Frederick C.; Gill, Stephen; Gilley, Sheridan; Gilman, Charlotte Perkins, ‘The Yellow Wallpaper’; Gilmour, Robin; Gitay, Yehoshua; Gladstone, William Ewart; globalization; glosses; gnosticism; God; Godden, Malcolm; Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von; Golding, Arthur; Golding, William; Goldsmith, Oliver, The Vicar of Wakefield; Good, Edwin; Goodman, Christopher; Goodman, Nelson; Gordis, Robert; Gordon, George; Gore, Charles; Gospel of Mary; Gospel of Nicodemus; Gospels; Goulborn, E. F.; Gower, John, Vox Clamantis; Graves, Richard Perceval; Gray, Thomas, ‘Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard’; The Great Bible; Greaves, Richard L.; Green, Thomas; Greenberg, Hannah; Greenblatt, Stephen; Greene, Graham; Gregory the Great, Pope; Grotius, Hugo; Gubar, Susan; Guibbory, Achsah; Guide for Anchoresses; Guillaume de Lorris, Roman de la Rose; Gunkel, Hermann; Gunn, David M.; Gunn, Giles; gynocriticism; Habermas, Jürgen; Haldane, J. B. S.; Halewood, William H.; Hall, Lindsey; Hamilton, Carson C.; Hammermeister, Kai; Handel, Georg Friedrich; Hardison, O. B.; Hardy, Thomas; Hare, Augustus; Hare, Julius; Harris, Terry; The Harrowing of Hell; Hartman, Geoffrey H.; Hartman, Geoffrey H. and Budick, Sanford; Hartshorne, Charles; Harwood, Edward; Havelock the Dane; Hawkes, Terence; Hays, Mary; Hazlitt, William; ‘H.D.’; Heaney, Seamus, Station Island; Heard, Gerald; heaven and hell; Heber, Reginald; Hegel, G. W. F.; Heidegger, Martin; hell; Hemming, Laurence; Henn, T. R.; Henry VIII; Henson, John, Good as New; Herbert of Cherbury, Edward Herbert, Baron; Herbert, George; Herbert, Mary, Countess of Pembroke; Herder, Johann Gottfried von; hermeneutics; Herrick, Robert; Hervieu-Léger, Danièle; Heywood, Thomas; hierarchies; Higher Criticism; Hilary of Arles; Hildegaard of Bingen; Hill, Christopher; Hill, Geoffrey; Hilton, Boyd; Hilton, Walter, Scale of Perfection; Hippolytus, commentary on Daniel; historical criticism; historicism, new; history; Hobbes, Thomas; Hoby, Thomas; Hodgson, John A.; Hoffman, Lawrence; Hoffman, Melchior; Hogarde, Miles; Hogg, James; Hölderlin, Friedrich; Holladay, William L.; Holland, Peter; Holocaust; Hooker, Richard; Hopkins, Gerard Manley; Hopper, Stanley Romaine; Hornig, Gottfried; Hornsby, Teresa; Hort, F. J. A.; Horton, Robert F.; Houghton, Walter; Howard, Henry Earl of Sussex; Howitt, William; Howlett, David; Hudson, Henry; Hügel, Friedrich, Baron von; Hulme, T. E.; human nature; humanism; Hume, David; Hunter, Alastair; Hunter, Paul J.; Hunter, William B.; Huppé, Bernard F.; Hus, Jan; Hutchens, S. M.; Hutcheson, Frances; Hutton, R. H.; Huxley, Aldous, Brave New World; Huxley, T. H.; hymnody, and literature; iconoclasm; idealism, transcendental; identity, national; identity, personal; ideology, and narrative; image, empirical, in Kant; imagery, and wisdom literature; imagination; incarnation; individualism; indulgences; Ingarden, Roman; Inge, William Ralph; inspiration; interdisciplinarity; interpretation; intertextuality; intuition; Ireland, and Roman Catholicism; Irenaeus of Lyons; Irigaray, Luce; irony; Irwin, Michael; Isaacs, J.; Jabès, Edmund; Jackson, Gordon; Jackson, J. R. de J.; Jacobi, Friedrich Heinrich; Jacobson, David; James, Henry; James I and VI; James, William; Jameson, Frederic; Jarrett-Kerr, Martin; Jasper, David; Jasper, David and Detweiler, Robert; Jay, Elisabeth; Jean de Meun; Jeffrey, Frances; Jemielity, Thomas; Jenkins, David; Jenson, Robert; Jerome; Jesuits; Jesus; Jews, in John's Gospel; Jewsbury, Geraldine, Zoe; Joachim of Fiori; Job (book); Jobling, David; John Chrysostom; John Climacus, St.; John of Damascus; John, Gospel of; Johnson, Samuel; Jolas, Eugene; Jonah (book); Jonah and the whale; Jones, David; Jonson, Ben; Josipovici, Gabriel; Journal of Literature and Theology; Jowett, Benjamin; Joyce, James; Judaism, and feminist revisioning; Judges (book); Julian, John; Julian of Norwich; Jung, Carl; Jüngel, Eberhard; Junius, Franciscus; justification; Justin Martyr; Kallman, Chester; Kant, Immanuel; Kazantzakis, Nikos, The Last Temptation; Kearney,; Keats, John; Keble, John; Kelley, Maurice; Kelly, Dan; Kempe, Margery; Kennedy, Alison L.; kenosis; Kermode, Frank; Kesey, Ken, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest; Kierkegaard, Søren; King Horn; King James Bible; Kingsley, Charles; Kitson, Peter J.; Klaeber, Friedrich; Klein, Lillian R.; knowledge; Knox, John; Koosed, Jennifer and Linafelt, Tod; Kugel, James; Kundera, Milan; Kuschel, Karl-Josef; Lacan, Jacques; LaHaye, Tim; Lamb, Charles and Gifford, William; Lamentations (book); Landy, Francis; Lang, Bernard; Lang, Frederick K.; Langland, William; language; Lanyer, Aemilia; Larkin, Philip; Latin; Latitudinarianism; law; Law, William; Lawrence, D. H.; Le Doeuff, Michèle; Le Goff, Jacques; Lead, Jane; Leavis, F. R.; Leeuw, Gerardus van der; Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm; Leiden Riddle; Lennox, Charlotte; Leo XIII, Pope; Lessing, Doris; Levi, Peter; Levinas, Emmanuel; Lewalski, Barbara; Lewis, C. S.; Lewis, Wyndham; Liber monstrorum; liberalism, theological; liberation theology; liberty, in Blake; Lindbeck, George; Lindsay, David; literalism; literary criticism; The Literary Guide to the Bible (Alter and Kermode); literature; Literature and Theology; Littleton, Jacob; liturgy; Livingston, James; Locke, John; Loisy, Alfred; Lollards, and vernacular Bible; Louis XIV; love; Lowry, Malcolm; Lowth, Robert; Loyola, Ignatius; Lubac, Henri de; Lumsden, Roddy; Luther, Martin; Lux Mundi; Lydgate, Tertius; Lynch, William F.; Lyotard, Jean-François; Macaulay, Thomas; McCabe, Herbert; MacCulloch, Diarmaid; McDannell, Colleen and Lang, Bernard; Macdonald, George; Mace, Daniel; McEwan, Ian, Enduring Love; McFarland, Thomas; McGrath, Alister E.; Mackenzie, Henry, The Man of Feeling; McNay, Lois; Macquarrie, John; Mailer, Norman, Ancient Evenings; Maison, Margaret; Maitland, Sarah; Marks, Herbert; Marlowe, Christopher; Martel, Yann, Life of Pi; Martin of Braga, De correctio rusticorum; Martin, Gregory; Martyn, J. Louis; Martz, Louis; Marvell, Andrew; Marx, Karl; Mary Tudor; Mason, Emma; mass, and linguistic meaning; Matthew, Thomas; Maurice, F. D.; Mays, James; meaning; Mede, Joseph; Meeks, Wayne; Melville, Herman, Moby Dick; Mensch, James; metanarratives, and postmodernism; metaphor; Methodism; Mettinger, Tryggve; Middle Ages; Middle English; midrash; Milbank, John, and postmodernism; Miles, Jack; Mill, J. S.; millenarianism; Miller, Dan; Miller, Henry Knight; Miller, Hugh; Miller, J. Hillis; Millet, Kate; Mills, John; Milton, John; ministry, pastoral; modernism; monologue, dramatic; Montgomery, James; Moore, Marianne; Moore, Stephen; morality; More, Hannah; More, Henry; More, Thomas; Morgan, Edwin; Morris, William; Morrison, Toni; Morton, A. L.; Moseley, Virginia; Mossner, E. C.; motivation, in biblical narrative; Moulton, Richard; Mozley, Thomas; Muilenberg, James; Muller, Max; Müntzer, Thomas; Murdoch, Iris; Murphy, Daniel; Mystère d'Adam; mystery plays; mysticism; myth; narrative; narrative criticism; naturalism; nature; New Criticism; New Historicism; New Theology; Newman, Barnett; Newman, John Henry; Newsome, David; Newton, Isaac; Newton, John; Nicholas of Lyra; Nicolls, Charles; Nicolson, Adam; Niebuhr, Reinhold; Niebuhr, Richard; Niebuhr, Ursula; Nietzsche, Friedrich; Nightingale, Florence; nihilism; Noah story; Nonconformity, and culture; Noon, William; Norris, John; Northern Passion; Norton, David; Noth, Martin; nouvelle théologie; Novak, Max; Novalis (Friedrich Leopold von Hardenberg); novel; Noyes, Alfred; Nuttall, Geoffrey A.; Oates, Joyce Carol; O'Brien, Flann; Ochino, Bernardino; Oecolampadius, John; Offor, George; Old English, poetry; Old Testament; The Oldest Systematic of German Idealism; O'Leary, Joseph; Ondaatje, Michael; Ong, Walter; Opfel, Olga; Opland, Jeff; Orchard, Andy; organicism, and Romanticism; Origen; originality, and Romanticism; Orthodoxy, Radical; Orwell, George; Ostriker, Alicia; Otto, Rudolf; Owen, Wilfred; The Owl and the Nightingale; Oxford Movement; Ozick, Cynthia, The Puttermesser Papers; Paine, Thomas; Paley, Morton D.; Paley, William; Palmer, Thomas; pantheism; parables; paradise; Paradise Lost (Milton); parallelism, in Hebrew poetry; paraphrases, biblical; parataxis; Parker, Matthew; Pascal, Blaise; passion story; pastoral ministry; Pater, Walter; patriarchy; Patrick, St, and love and evil; Patrides, C. A.; Paulson, Ronald; Peacham, Henry; Peake's Commentary on the Bible; The Pearl; Pentateuch; Pepys, Samuel; Pereiro, James; performance; Perkins, David; Peterson, Linda; Petrarch (Francesco Petrarcha); Phillips, Carl; philosophes; philosophy, natural; Pickstock, Catherine; Pierce, C. S.; Piers Plowman; Piper, H. W.; Pirmin, Scarapsus; Pius X, Pope, Pascendi; Pizan, Christine de; Platonism, and Lewis; pluralism, religious; Poe, E. A.; poetics; poetry; Pole, Cardinal Reginald; politics; Pollard, David; Pollock, Mary; Polzin, Robert; Pope, Alexander; pornography; positivism; post-colonialism; post-liberalism; post-secularity; post-structuralism; The Postmodern Bible; postmodernism; Pound, Ezra; prayer, and poetry; Prayer Book; predestination; Price, Richard; Prickett, Stephen; Priestley, Joseph; Primers; printing; Pritchard, R. E.; progress; prophetic literature; Protestantism; Proverbs (book); Providence, divine; Prynne, Jeremy; Psalms (book); puns, in prophetic literature; purgatory; Puritanism; Purver, Anthony; Pzywara, Erich; Quakers; queer criticism; Radical Orthodoxy; Radzinowicz, Mary Ann; Raine, Kathleen; Ramsey, Michael; Ranters; Ratcliff, E. C.; Raworth, Tom; reader-response criticism; real presence; realism; reason; redemption; Redman, Robert; reference, in Synoptic Gospels; Reformation, Catholic; Reformation, German; Reformation, Protestant; religion; Religious Thought in the Nineteenth Century; Renan, Ernest; Reserve, doctrine of; resurrection, bodily; resurrection of Christ; revelation; Revelation (book); Revised Version, Bible; Rheims/Douai Bible; rhetoric, and the prophets; rhetorical criticism; Rich, Adrienne; Richard of St Victor; Richards, I. A.; Richardson, Samuel; Richetti, John; Ricks, Christopher; Ricoeur, Paul; Riffaterre, Michael; righteousness, in Arnold; Riley, Denise; Riley, Peter; Roach, Richard; Roberts, Michèle; Robertson, F. C.; Robinson, Henry Crabbe; Robinson, John, Honest to God; Roe, Nicholas; Rogers, John; Rogers, Pat; Rolle, Richard; Roman Catholicism; romance; Romanticism; Rosengarten, Richard A.; Rossetti, Christina; Rossetti, Dante Gabriel, ‘The Woodspurge’; Roston, Murray; Rousseau, Jean-Jacques; Rowell, Geoffrey; Rowley, Sharon M.; Rowling, J. K.; Royal Society; Royce, Josiah; Ruether, Rosemary Radford; Rushdie, Salman; Ruskin, John; Russell, Bertrand; Ruthwell Cross; Rüvner, Tuvia; Ryan, Robert M.; Ryken, Leland and Longman, Tremper III; Ryley, George; sacramentalism; Said, Edward; St. Patrick's Purgatory; Saintsbury, George; salvation; Sanday, William; Sandys, George; Saramago, José, The Gospel According to Jesus Christ; satire; Saussure, Ferdinand de; Scaliger, Julius Caesar; scepticism; Scheinberg, Cynthia; Schelling, Friedrich von; schemata, transcendental; Schiller, Friedrich; Schlegel, A. W.; Schlegel, Friedrich; Schleiermacher, F. D. E.; Schoenfeldt, Michael C.; scholarship, biblical; scholasticism; Schreiner, Olive, The Story of an African Farm; Schwab, Raymond; Schwartz, Regina; science; Scofield Reference Bible; Scott, Nathan A. Jr.; Scott, Sir Walter; Scottish Enlightenment; Scottish Metrical Psalter; Scripture; Second World War, effect on theology; secularism; Sedgwick, Adam; Selby, T. G.; selfhood; semiotics; Semler, Johann; sensibility; sentiment; Seth, Vikram, A Suitable Boy; Seward, William; sexuality; Shaffer, Eleanor; Shaftesbury, Anthony Ashley Cooper,; Shairp, J. C.; Shakespeare, William; Shaw, David; Shaw, George Bernard; Shelley, Mary; Shelley, Percy Bysshe; shepherd imagery; Sherry, Vincent; Sherwood, Terry; Shoah; Showalter, Elaine; Sidney, Mary; Sidney, Philip; silence, and poetry; Simon, Ulrich; sin, and the body; Sir Gawain and the Green Knight; Sir Thomas More; Slavitt, David R.; Smart, Christopher; Smith, Adam, Theory of Moral Sentiments; Smith, Charlotte; Smith, Forrest S.; Smith, George A.; Smith, Miles; Smith, Robert Houston; Smith, Zadie; Smollett, Tobias, The Expedition of Humphry Clinker; sociability; social Darwinism; society, and Romanticism; Socinianism; Sollers, Philippe; Song of Songs; source criticism; Southern, R. C.; Southey, Robert; Southwell, Robert, ‘Mary Magdalen's Complaint at Christ's Death’; Spalding, William; Spark, Muriel, The Only Problem; Spenser, Edmund; Spinoza, Baruch (Benedict); spirituali; spirituality; Spivack, Bernard; Sprat, Thomas; Spurgeon, C. H.; Stallknecht, Newton P.; Stanley, A. P.; Starzyk, Lawrence; Stein, Gertrude; Steinbeck, John; Steiner, George; Stennet, Joseph; Stephen, Leslie; Sternberg, Meir; Sterne, Laurence, Tristram Shandy; Sternhold, Thomas and Hopkins, John; Sterry, Peter; Stevens, Wallace; Stoker, Bram, Dracula; story, and theology; storytelling, and redemption; Strauss, David Friedrich; Streeter, B. H.; Strenski, Ivan; structuralism; Studdert Kennedy, Geoffrey (‘Woodbine Willie’); style; subjectivity; sublime, the; suffering; Sullivan, Kevin; supernaturalism, and Lewis; Surrey, Henry Howard, Earl; Swedenborg, Emanuel; Swift, Graham; Swift, Jonathan; Swinburne, Algernon Charles; symbolism; sympathy; syncretism; Synoptic Gospels; systematics; Targoff, Ramie; Tate, Allen; Tate, Nahum and Brady, Nicholas; Taylor, Mark C.; Tennyson, Alfred, Lord; Tennyson, G. B.; Tertullian; textuality; Thackeray, William Makepeace; theatre; Theobald, Lewis; theodicy; theography; theology; Thomas, D. M.; Thomas, Dylan, and death; Thomas Lord Cromwell; Thomas, R. S.; Thompson, Francis; Thompson, Peggy; Thormahlen, Marianne; thought; Tillich, Paul; Tillotson, John; Tillotson, Kathleen; Tillyard, E. M. W.; time; Tindal, Matthew; Tindall, W. K.; Tinsley, John; Todorov, Tzvetan; Toland, John; Tolkien, J. R. R.; Tomson, Laurence; Tottel, Richard; tractarianism; Tracts for the Times; trade guilds, and mystery plays; tradition; tradition criticism; tragedy; Traherne, Thomas, Felicity; Traill, H. D.; translation; Trench, Richard; Trent, Council; Trible, Phyllis; Trilling, Lionel; Troeltsch, Ernst; Trollope, Anthony; Tulloch, John; Tunstall, Cuthbert; Turner, Alice K.; Turner, Denys; Tuso, Joseph F.; Tuve, Rosemary; Tyconius; Tyndale, William; typology; Tyrell, George; uncertainty, and Butler; understanding, and reason; Unitarianism; United States; Updike, John; utopias; Valdés, Juan de; Vatican II; Vattimo, Gianni; Vaughan, Henry; Vaus, Will; Vere, Aubrey de; Vermigli, Pietro Martire; vernacular; violence, against women; Vision of the Monk of Eynsha; The Vision of Tundale; visions; voluntarism, ethical; Vonnegut, Mark, The Eden Express; The Voyage of St Brendan; Vulgate Bible; Walhout, Clarence and Ryken, Leland; Walker, D. P.; Walker, Peter; Walker, Robert; Walpole, Horace; Walton, Brian; Walton, Izaak; The Wanderer (Old English poem); Warburton, William; Ward, Graham; Ward, Mrs Humphry, Robert Elsmere; Ward, Wilfrid; Warren, Robert Penn; Watson, J. R.; Watt, Ian; Watts, Isaac; Waugh, Evelyn; Weber, Max; Webster, John; Weil, Simone; Weinstein, Arnold; Welch, Claude; Wellhausen, Julius; Wells, Edward; Wendling, Ronald C.; Wernicke, Christian; Wesley, Charles; Wesley, John; Westcott, B. F.; Wheeler, Michael; Whitchurch, Edward; White, Jeremiah; White, William Hale (Mark Rutherford); Whitefield, George; Whittell, Giles; Whittingham, William; Whyte, Alexander; Wieder, Laurance; Wiesel, Elie; Wilberforce, Robert; Wilberforce, William; Wilde, Oscar; Wilder, Amos; Willey, Basil; William of Malmesbury; Williams, Charles; Williams, Isaac; Williams, Raymond; Williams, Roland; Williams, Rowan; Williams, William Carlos; Wilson, A. N.; Wilson, H. B.; Wilson, John; Wilson, Samuel Law; Winstanley, Gerrard; Winterson, Jeannette; wisdom literature; Wither, George; Wolff, Robert Lee; Wollstonecraft, Mary; womanist criticism; women; Woodring, Carl; Woolf, Rosemary; Woolf, Virginia; Word, and embodiment; wordplay; Wordsworth, Christopher; Wordsworth, Jonathan; Wordsworth, William; worship; Wright, T. R.; Wulfstan; Wyatt, Thomas; Wycliff, John; Wycliffite Bible; Wylie, Ian; Yeats, W. B.; Yonge, Charlotte; Young, Andrew; Young, Brian; Young, Edward, The Complaint; Žižek, Slavoj; Zwingli, Huldrych

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