European Energy Policy

Dieter R. Helm

in The Oxford Handbook of the European Union

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780199546282
Published online January 2013 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Politics & International Relations

European Energy Policy


It is widely recognized that Europe needs an energy policy. There is even quite a lot of agreement about what needs to go into it. But the obstacles are formidable, and the legacies of the various component parts that have been built up through the history of the EU provide major constraints. This article begins with a brief description of the early measures up to the end of the 1970s, and then describes three main steps: the internal market; the climate change package; and the first steps towards a security of supply framework. Although it is too early to tell how the EU will bring these components together, the outlines of a possible way forward are set out by way of a conclusion.

Keywords: EU; energy policy; internal market; climate change package; energy supply

Article.  6526 words. 

Subjects: Politics ; European Union

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