This article examines the historical conception of the words self and person in philosophical theory. It discusses John Locke's definition of the self as the conscious thinking thing and the person as a thinking intelligent being. It describes the Platonist view of the self as spiritual substance and Aristotelian belief that the self is a hylomorphic substance. It also explores the relevant topics of Epicureanism atomism, Cartesian dualism, and the developmental and social origin of self-concepts.
Keywords: self; person; philosophical theory; John Locke; intelligent being; thinking thing; spiritual substance; hylomorphic substance; Epicureanism atomism; Cartesian dualism
Article. 11060 words.
Subjects: Philosophy ; Moral Philosophy ; History of Western Philosophy
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