Self in the Brain

Kai Vogeley and Shaun Gallagher

in The Oxford Handbook of the Self

Published in print February 2011 | ISBN: 9780199548019
Published online May 2011 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Philosophy

Self in the Brain

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  • Metaphysics
  • Philosophy of Mind



This article re-examines the role of the brain in self-recognition. It reconsiders the idea that the frontal and cortical midline structures are important for self-specific experience in light of several recent reviews of neuroscience literature. The findings suggests that the frontal cortex and the cortical midline structure are not the only areas involved in self-related tasks and that these areas may be involved not because the tasks are self-specific, but because they are tasks that involve a specific kind of cognitive operation, specifically reflective evaluation.

Keywords: self-recognition; brain; frontal midline structures; cortical midline structures; self-specific experience; neuroscience; cognitive operation; reflective evaluation

Article.  11602 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy ; Metaphysics ; Philosophy of Mind

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