Technical and Financial Assistance

Laurence Boisson De Chazournes

in The Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law

Published in print August 2008 | ISBN: 9780199552153
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Law

 Technical and Financial Assistance

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Technical and financial assistance plays an important role in the furtherance of environmental protection. Since the end of the 1980s, important changes have modified its contours, aims, and legal structure. The emergence of new principles, such as the principle of sustainable development and the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities, have introduced new facets to this notion, and the implementation of these principles has resulted in a complex mosaic of financial mechanisms and funding sources, which are linked to global conventions, multilateral institutions, bilateral aid, and private sector investment. This article first provides a picture of the different types and sources of technical and financial assistance, such as official development assistance, international institutions, and public/private partnerships. It also addresses the relationship between technology transfer and intellectual property rights, especially in light of agreements such as the Convention on Biological Diversity. The article then examines the aim and nature of financial and technical assistance, the legal structure of financial mechanisms (including its relationship with the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities), and the provision of global public goods.

Keywords: technical assistance; financial assistance; differentiated responsibilities; private sector; official development assistance; international institutions; technology transfer; intellectual property rights; Biological Diversity Convention; global public goo

Article.  12145 words. 

Subjects: Law ; International Law ; Environment and Energy Law ; Financial Law

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