Compliance Procedures

Jan Klabbers

in The Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law

Published in print August 2008 | ISBN: 9780199552153
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Law

 Compliance Procedures

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The Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer was among the first international agreements in which a specific non-compliance procedure was envisaged, and it is generally held to be the most developed example to date. Non-compliance procedures have become rather prevalent in international environmental law. Allowing for variations across regimes, most mechanisms have at least one compliance committee, usually composed of representatives of a limited number of parties (eight to fifteen) to the underlying multilateral environmental agreement and reporting back to the plenary body set up by that agreement (often dubbed the conference of the parties or meeting of the parties). Compliance (or non-compliance) procedures are usually said to exist, and be necessary, in international environmental protection because the environment cannot, for a number of reasons, be entrusted to the workings of traditional international law.

Keywords: Montreal Protocol; compliance; non-compliance; international environmental law; conference; environmental protection; international law; meeting

Article.  6672 words. 

Subjects: Law ; International Law ; Environment and Energy Law

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