Article

Essences and Kinds

Peter R. Anstey

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy in Early Modern Europe

Published in print January 2011 | ISBN: 9780199556137
Published online May 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199556137.003.0002

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Philosophy

Essences and Kinds

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This article examines the views of René Descartes, Robert Boyle, and John Locke on essence and kinds and outlines the polemical stances that motivate and direct each of their views. It describes the ontological categories to which they subscribed and their own speculative theories about the actual kinds in the world. It categories to which they subscribed and their own speculative theories about the actual kinds in the world and discusses the late-Aristotelian theory of substantial forms.

Keywords: essences and kinds; René Descartes; Robert Boyle; John Locke; polemical stances; ontological; categories; late-Aristotelian theory; substantial forms

Article.  9913 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy ; History of Western Philosophy ; Metaphysics

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