Conceptions of God

Steven Nadler

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy in Early Modern Europe

Published in print January 2011 | ISBN: 9780199556137
Published online May 2011 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Philosophy

Conceptions of God

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  • History of Western Philosophy
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This article examines the three ways in which God was conceptualized by leading philosophers in early modern Europe. Gottfried Leibniz and Nicholas Malebranche's rationalist God was conceived as an analogy with a rational human being whose actions are explained by their purposes. René Descartes and Antoine Arnauld's voluntarist God was conceived Antoine Arnauld. Baruch Spinoza equated God with an eternally existing, infinite nature.

Keywords: God; Europe; Gottfried Leibniz; Nicholas Malebranche; René Descartes; Antoine Arnauld; Baruch Spinoza

Article.  12188 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy ; History of Western Philosophy ; Philosophy of Religion

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