Article

Congressional Redistricting

Michael P. McDonald

in The Oxford Handbook of the American Congress

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780199559947
Published online May 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199559947.003.0009

Series: Oxford Handbooks of American Politics

 Congressional Redistricting

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Members of the United States House of Representatives represent geographically define constituencies called districts. Redistricting is the process of defining district's boundaries. It is usually practiced in legislative districts at all levels of the government worldwide. In the United States congressional districts, an elaborate redistricting process exists which mirrors the nations's decentralization of power through its federal system of government. The fifty state governments in the U.S. are responsible for defining congressional districts within their borders through their federal oversight. This article discusses congressional redistricting and the representational stakes that come with redistricting. It focuses on the significance of redistricting as an avenue for social engineering. Some of the topics discussed include redistricting motives, redistricting institutions, and redistricting criteria.

Keywords: House of Representatives; districts; redistricting; legislative districts; congressional districts; redistricting motives; redistricting institutions; redistricting criteria

Article.  10581 words. 

Subjects: Politics ; US Politics ; Political Institutions

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