New Public Management and Governance: A Comparison

Erik-Hans Klijn

in The Oxford Handbook of Governance

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780199560530
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Politics & International Relations

New Public Management and Governance: A Comparison


This article analyses the connection between governance and New Public Management (NPM). It explains that NPM originated in the 1980s where governments tried to provide service delivery and public policy through a wide range of private and non-profit actors. The article argues that although governance and NPM originated from two different sets of concerns, and theoretically are quite different, both perspectives have incorporated each other's ideas. The governance literature has embraced the ideas of performance indicators, while NPM literature has adopted more horizontal steering mechanisms.

Keywords: governance; New Public Management; service delivery; public policy; non-profit actors; performance indicators; horizontal steering mechanisms

Article.  5751 words. 

Subjects: Politics ; Public Policy ; Comparative Politics

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