New Governance and Policy Instruments: are Governments Going “Soft”?

Amos Zehavi

in The Oxford Handbook of Governance

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780199560530
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Politics & International Relations

 New Governance and Policy Instruments: are Governments Going “Soft”?

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This article investigates the nexus between policy instruments and governance, with an emphasis on how questions and research that deal with the former should inform the literature which is dedicated to the latter. It comments on the hard-versus-soft-policy-instrument debate in the governance literature and introduces an alternative policy instrument conceptualization called the Vedung's trichotomy. The article argues that although recent temporal trends vary across sectors and nations, it is generally the case that there is an increase in the number and type of policy instruments employed in most policy domains.

Keywords: policy instruments; governance; hard policy; soft policy; Vedung's trichotomy

Article.  6010 words. 

Subjects: Politics ; Public Policy ; Comparative Politics

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