Article

Precedent Autonomy, Advance Directives, and End‐of‐Life Care

John K. Davis

in The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics

Published in print February 2009 | ISBN: 9780199562411
Published online September 2009 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199562411.003.0016

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Philosophy

 Precedent Autonomy, Advance Directives, and End‐of‐Life Care

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Bioethicists are widely agreed that patients have a right of self-determination over how they are treated. Our duty to respect this is said to be based on the principle of respect for autonomy. In end-of-life care the patient may be incompetent and unable to exercise that right. One solution is to exercise it in advance. Advance directives, which include living wills and powers of attorney for health care, enable people to decide (or least influence) what medical treatment they will receive later, when they become incompetent. Advance directives have been criticized in two general ways. First, many critics contend that advance directives fail on a practical level to effect a patient's autonomous choices because, for example, people cannot foresee their futures well enough to make informed decisions in advance. Second, many critics contend that, practical problems aside, there is no moral authority for exercising control over one's incompetent future self.

Keywords: right of self-determination; autonomy; end-of-life care; health care; practical problems; moral authority

Article.  11751 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy ; Philosophy of Science ; Moral Philosophy

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