Brazil, India, and China: Emerging Powers and Warfare

Alfredo G. A. Valladão

in The Oxford Handbook of War

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199562930
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Politics & International Relations

Brazil, India, and China: Emerging Powers and Warfare


A twenty-first-century ‘Emerging Power’ (EmPo) faces an unprecedented challenge: how to pursue a traditional Westphalian sovereign power rise in an increasingly interdependent, post-Westphalian world. Most of the new century's challenges have a universal character that threatens an emerging ‘international community interest’—or ‘interest of mankind’—and have to be tackled by collective action. Traditional rivalries between national interests do not disappear, but they are strongly limited by this new political environment. The rise of the new EmPos—and of their military capabilities—is a direct consequence of their brisk economic successes, boosted by the global marketplace and growing interdependence. Paradoxically, globalization has also undermined a country's capacity to master its own economy, the most important ingredient of traditional national power. Some states are more sovereign than others, but this slow dilution of power also applies to the last ‘omnipower’. The USA is the main promoter and defender of last resort of this globalization process, which at the same time is restricting its own margins for sovereign action.

Keywords: warfare; emerging powers; sovereign power; post-Westphalian world; national interests; rivalry

Article.  7702 words. 

Subjects: Politics ; International Relations

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribeRecommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »