Article

Industry and War

Heinz Schulte

in The Oxford Handbook of War

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199562930
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199562930.013.0036

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Politics & International Relations

Industry and War

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The examples in modern military history of the correlation between industry and war are plentiful. It was Wallenstein during the Thirty Years War who refined the concept of a ‘military contractor’, so well represented by the Italian ‘condottiere’ in earlier conflicts. Not only did Wallenstein provide regiments to the Imperial cause but, in addition, he used his estates profitably to (mass-)produce arms and garments for the Catholic side. The early artillery specialists embodied the concept of industry and war acting as part of a single commercial focus by first casting the technologically demanding cannons and then operating them on behalf of the highest bidder.

Keywords: industry and war; Thirty Years War; military contractor; commercial activities; arms production; mass production

Article.  6376 words. 

Subjects: Politics ; International Relations

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