Article

Romania: From Historical Regions to Local Decentralization via the Unitary State

Ana Maria Dobre

in The Oxford Handbook of Local and Regional Democracy in Europe

Published in print November 2010 | ISBN: 9780199562978
Published online January 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199562978.003.0030

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Politics & International Relations

Romania: From Historical Regions to Local Decentralization via the Unitary State

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This article discusses Romania, a unitary nation-state created at the end of the nineteenth century through the territorial and political union of the historical regions of Moldavia, Vallachia, and Transylvania. The state's initial choice for the Napoleonic tradition gave rise to a centralized unitary model, which was reinforced during the pre-communist and communist historical periods. This model of unitary state evolved in the post-communist period with the inclusion and introduction of local governments. This reform in the unitary state model of Romania led to the shaping of a decentralized unitary state. In this article, the aim is to determine how the Romanian subnational democracy is connected to and shaped by the main state traditions and models of democracy. Roman accounts of democratization, decentralization, and regionalism are examined in a wider context to illustrate the evolution of Romanian subnational governance.

Keywords: Romania; unitary nation-state; local governments; decentralized unitary state; Romanian subnational democracy; state traditions; models of democracy; democratization; decentralization

Article.  10169 words. 

Subjects: Politics ; Regional Political Studies ; Comparative Politics

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