Project Ecologies

Gernot Grabher and Oliver Ibert

in The Oxford Handbook of Project Management

Published in print February 2011 | ISBN: 9780199563142
Published online May 2011 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Business and Management

Project Ecologies

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  • Business and Management
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The notion “project ecology” provides a conceptual framework for analyzing projects from a contextual view. In short, project ecologies denote a relational space which affords the personal, organizational, and institutional resources for performing projects. This relational space encompasses social layers on multiple scales, from the micro level of interpersonal networks to the meso level of intra- and inter-organizational collaboration to the macro level of wider institutional settings. Moreover, it unfolds a complex geography, which explicitly is not reduced to local clusters but also extends to more distanced individuals and organizations or a-spatial institutions. One of the main fields in which the contextual view generated new insights is the topic of project-based learning. Through their trans-disciplinarity and transience, projects appear as a most pertinent form for creating knowledge in the context of application.

Keywords: project ecology; conceptual framework; project analysis; institutional resources; personal resources; interpersonal networks; project-based learning

Article.  9492 words. 

Subjects: Business and Management ; Business Strategy ; Operations Management

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