Fiscal Legitimacy, Inequalities, and Democratic Consolidation in Latin America

Javier Santiso and Pablo Zoido

in The Oxford Handbook of Latin American Economics

Published in print July 2011 | ISBN: 9780199571048
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Economics

 Fiscal Legitimacy, Inequalities, and Democratic Consolidation in Latin America

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The second section of this chapter provides a comparative analysis of OECD and Latin American fiscal magnitudes. The third and fourth sections stress this development dimension of fiscal policies, focusing in particular on the Latin American context. The last section formulates some conclusions and policy proposals. The chapter suggests that democracy puts fiscal policy at the heart of the relationship between citizens and the state. Fiscal policy will continue to be a major development issue for Latin America, as it is in OECD countries, posing one of the main challenges for the region. Latin America is the most unequal region of the world. Governments cannot ignore the challenges of fighting poverty and inequality while promoting stable and sustainable economic growth and development.

Keywords: Latin America; OECD; fiscal system; democracy; sustainable economic growth; inequality

Article.  8921 words. 

Subjects: Economics ; Public Economics

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