Article

Multidimensional Poverty in Latin America: Concept, Measurement, and Policy

Rebeca Grynspan and Luis F. López-Calva

in The Oxford Handbook of Latin American Economics

Published in print July 2011 | ISBN: 9780199571048
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199571048.013.0028

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Economics

 Multidimensional Poverty in Latin America: Concept, Measurement, and Policy

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  • Economic Development and Growth
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This chapter summarizes the conceptual and methodological discussion on the multidimensional measurement of poverty and shows recent applications to Latin American countries. The second section discusses the conceptual foundations of multidimensionality based on Amartya Sen's notion of functionings and capabilities. The third section provides a brief literature review on the existing approaches to measure multidimensional poverty, including the human development and the basic needs approaches. There follows a discussion of recent theoretical contributions on methods based on the axiomatic derivation of poverty indices for disaggregated data and generalizations of income-based methodologies, as well as subjective and participatory approaches. The fourth section includes empirical applications of multidimensional measures in Latin America, and discusses the evolution of poverty in the region from a multidimensional perspective. Before concluding with some views on avenues for further research, the fifth section reviews the policy use of multidimensional measurement in specific anti-poverty programmes.

Keywords: poverty evaluation; Latin America; anti-poverty programmes; Amartya Sen; multidimensional poverty; human development

Article.  10338 words. 

Subjects: Economics ; Economic Development and Growth ; Labour and Demographic Economics

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