Miguel Urquiola

in The Oxford Handbook of Latin American Economics

Published in print July 2011 | ISBN: 9780199571048
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Economics


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  • Economics
  • Health, Education, and Welfare
  • Economic Development and Growth



This chapter reviews the progress and remaining challenges in terms of raising educational quantity and quality in Latin America, focusing on primary and secondary (K-12) schooling, setting aside issues related to higher education or early childhood development. It makes the case that, in terms of quantity, the region has made substantial strides. The remaining challenges revolve around reducing delayed entry, repetition, and dropout rates. The policy outlook in this area provides some grounds for optimism, as many governments are already implementing interventions (e.g. conditional cash transfers) that have been credibly evaluated and shown to be effective at tackling these issues. Beyond this, the policy outlook in this area offers less to be optimistic about, as little is known regarding how to raise educational quality, and this knowledge base is likely to improve only slowly.

Keywords: Latin America; K-12 schooling; conditional cash transfers; educational quality

Article.  8709 words. 

Subjects: Economics ; Health, Education, and Welfare ; Economic Development and Growth

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