Article

Government, Taxation, and Law

Andrea Jördens

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Egypt

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199571451
Published online November 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199571451.013.0005

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology

 Government, Taxation, and Law

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  • Archaeology of the Near East
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This article discusses government, taxation, and law in Roman Egypt. The most striking feature of the Egyptian provincial government remains its overall structure, in particular the geographically defined division into many smaller, relatively independent, but nevertheless tightly run administrative units, and above all the strict hierarchy of offices with a proper chain of appeal and the prefect at the top. In the area of taxation, there was a plethora of varieties in Egypt itself. This is why it is by no means easy to determine which structural features (if any) may also be observed in other regions of the Roman empire. In the field of jurisdiction, the Romans apparently refrained from intervening too rigidly in the law and customs of the population.

Keywords: Roman Egypt; Egyptian provincial government; jurisdiction; laws; customs

Article.  6831 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology ; Archaeology of the Near East ; Egyptian Archaeology ; Historical Archaeology

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