The Roman Army in Egypt

Rudolf Haensch

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Egypt

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199571451
Published online November 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191750540 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology

 The Roman Army in Egypt

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  • Archaeology of the Near East
  • Egyptian Archaeology
  • Historical Archaeology


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This article concentrates on the characteristics specific to the Roman army in Egypt, providing an overview of the subject and emphasizing the developing insights of scholarship. The first element specific to the province of Aegyptus, as was also the case in every province of the empire, was the composition of the garrison, and in particular the units stationed there and their military engagements. Also specific to the exercitus Aegyptiacus (the Latin designation for the 'army of Egypt') were a few institutional regulations dating from Octavian's conquest and the form he gave to the province's administration. Finally, two kinds of source, namely the papyri and ostraca, are specific to the province.

Keywords: Roman army; Egypt; Aegyptus; garrison; exercitus Aegyptiacus; papyri; ostraca

Article.  7585 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East ; Egyptian Archaeology ; Historical Archaeology

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